The Awakening created much bitter controversy; on the one side stood the emotionalists and enthusiasts, and on the other the rationalists, for whom religion was essentially a matter of morality or good conduct and the acceptance of properly formulated doctrine. Edwards, with great analytical skill and enormous biblical learning, showed that both sides were in the wrong.
By the time Jonathan Edwards entered the lists to champion the hated doctrine of original sin, he saw himself as not only defending a particular dogma but also combating an increasingly dominant drift of opinion which had already engulfed much of Europe and was encroaching dangerously upon America. The text of the first edition has now been brought into accord with the principles of the Yale edition, making full use of all relevant manuscript materials. Interpreting the Great Awakening of the eighteenth century was in large part the work of Jonathan Edwards—whose writings on the subject defined the revival tradition in America.
Moving from sensitive descriptions of "the surprising work of God" in conversion to a consuming quest for the essence of true religion, and threading his way through mounting controversies over "errors in doctrine and disorders in practice," Edwards sought to locate an authentic core of evangelical experience, to define it in terms of biblical faith and psychological insight, and to defend it against both overheated zealous and rationalistic critics.
Jonathan Edwards | Christian History | Christianity Today
The tracts that unfold his thoughts, presented here with related correspondence for the first time in accurate critical texts, document a movement so significant for the American character that it has been called "our national conversion. In a carefully researched introduction, C. In his introduction and commentary, Stephen J. Stephen J. This volume contains two major manuscript notebooks of Jonathan Edwards—"Natural Philosophy" and "The Mind"—as well as a number of shorter manuscript writings connected with his scientific interests and philosophical development.
Wherever possible the works have been newly transcribed from manuscript originals.
Jonathan Edwards and the Great Awakening: Did You Know?
Wallace Anderson has collected, edited, and presented them here in a thoroughly authentic and readable text. Each of the major works in this volume and each group of related writings are preceded by detailed discussion of manuscript sources and dates. Anderson concludes from his research that Edwards was an enthusiastic—though untrained—investigator in the Newtonian tradition and that he grappled with the major metaphysical problems raised by this tradition.
The papers reveal with special clarity the fertile and inquiring mind of our leading eighteenth-century philosopher-theologian. From to Brainerd had been a missionary to the Indians. Published in , the Life of Brainerd became a spiritual classic in its own time. But what has not until now been known is that Edwards made drastic alterations in the original text.
He shaped the narrative events to fit his own needs, presenting Brainerd as an example of a man who by example and deed opposed the rationalist, Arminian stance. This volume contains two major works of Jonathan Edwards: an unpublished text of a series of sermons he preached in , known as Charity and Its Fruits , and his Two Dissertations: I.
On the Nature of True Virtue , published posthumously in The text of the sermon series is drawn from three sources. This is one of the most wide-ranging theological and philosophical volumes projected in the Yale edition. In Jonathan Edwards preached a series of thirty sermons in his church at Northampton, Massachusetts—sermons based on one scriptural passage: Isaiah Unfortunately, he died before he could undertake this project. The sermon series, however, was later transcribed and then published in Edinburgh in There were numerous editions in Britain and the United States, and it was enormously influential in popular evangelical circles of the nineteenth century.
This edition presents a modern, authoritative text that firmly establishes the place of Work of Redemption in the literary and historical tradition of puritan New England. The text is based upon a new transcription of the original preaching booklets in which Edwards wrote out his sermons.
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This volume includes a substantial introduction that places the composition of the sermons in the context of the period and discusses the reception and influence of the many editions of the published version. Accordingly, this volume presents this major treatise in a fresh light and suggests new lines of inter-connection with other elements of his work. John F. Collord Professor of Religion at Princeton University. This volume presents the complete texts of twenty-three sermons preached by Jonathan Edwards during the first years of his career.
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The sermons, which have never been printed before, document one of the least explored periods of this eminent theologian's life and thought. Fully annotated, they are accompanied by an editor's preface that combines new information with fresh readings of related texts, such as the "Diary" and "Personal Narrative. The volume includes a general introduction that puts Edwards' thirty-five years of writing and preaching into a broad literary and historical context.
Based on the study of his entire sermon corpus—including over seventy printed sermons and twelve hundred sermon manuscripts—as well as related notebooks, letters, and treatises, the introduction enables readers to understand the elaborate network of working papers through which Edwards evolved his thought, as well as the critical function of the sermon in testing and developing expression of that thought. The introduction also explores the literary context of Edwards' writing, especially relating to the theory and practice of homiletics.
Lesser , The New England Quarterly. Wilson H. He has been associated with the editorial committee of The Works of Jonathan Edwards , based at Yale University, for more than twenty years.
Spiritual Leaders And Thinkers Series
This volume presents for the first time a comprehensive, readable, and annotated text of the key typological notebooks of Jonathan Edwards: "Images of Divine Things," "Types Notebook," and Miscellany , "Types of the Messiah. Edwards' theories of typology have long fascinated scholars from a variety of fields and have dominated literary studies of his work. These documents illuminate Edwards' epistemology and show clearly his involvement in contemporary philosophical and exegetical trends.
Introductions to the documents place Edwards' typology within the context of his period, describe his typological practices, clarify some of the complex problems posed by his ambiguous use of the types throughout his career, and discuss his philosophical defenses of typologizing against the claims of materialists, deists, and rationalists. Wallace E. Mason I. Lowance, Jr. This volume includes four documents by Jonathan Edwards on the nature of the church, documents that reveal his views on ecclesiology, congregational autonomy, ordination, and admission to church membership and to the sacraments.
The first document, reprinted here for the first time since the eighteenth century, is Edwards' defense of his fellow Hampshire County ministers in the Robert Breck controversy of — The other three documents relate to Edwards' efforts to restrict admission to the sacraments at Northampton in —50, actions that ultimately led to his dismissal as pastor: An Humble Inquiry explicates his reasons for refuting his grandfather and predecessor Solomon Stoddard's open admission policy; Misrepresentations Corrected is Edwards' response to his cousin Solomon Williams' criticisms of the Humble Inquiry ; and Edwards' untitled narrative, available before only in Sereno Dwight's edition and here newly re-edited, gives details of his final conflict with his Northampton congregation.
The general introduction by David D. Hall places these writings in their contemporary polemical contexts and locates Edwards in a historical framework that highlights his Puritan, congregational heritage and the tensions between lay and clerical piety. It also provides an important reassessment of Edwards' relationship to Stoddard in the light of Edwards' experience during and after the Great Awakening. Noll , William and Mary Quarterly.
David D. This book begins the publication of Jonathan Edwards' personal theological notebooks, called collectively the "Miscellanies. They record Edwards' initial thoughts on some of his most characteristic ideas, such as original sin, free will, the Trinity and God's end in creation. However, many entries relate to doctrinal and polemical subjects not included in the corpus of Edwards' published writings. The volume also contains Edwards' own alphabetical index to the entire "Miscellanies"; this "Table" is a theological document in its own right that reveals the interrelationship among the various components of Edwards' theological system.
The editor's introduction includes an interpretive essay that relates Edwards' growing body of entries in the "Miscellanies" to the main events in his life and progressing career. It also explores how even before the beginning of his tutorship at Yale in Edwards had developed both within and outside of the "Miscellanies" certain fundamental positions that constitute the truly distinctive elements in his theology.
The introduction ends with an explanation of the methodology used to establish for the first time the chronology of the early Miscellanies. The conclusions of this research are summarized in a comprehensive chronological chart that locates by date not only entry nos. Thomas A. This book presents previously unpublished manuscript sermons from a crucial yet little-known period in Edwards' life: the years between the completion of his Master's degree at Yale College and the death of Solomon Stoddard, his famous grandfather and predecessor at Northampton, Massachusetts.
These sermons, constituting the second in a projected series of six sermon volumes, highlight the intellectual and professional development of the young Edwards through his pastorate at Bolton, Connecticut, his Yale tutorship, and his colleagueship at Northampton. In his introduction, Kenneth P. Minkema weaves together the details of Edwards' emerging career with the concerns expressed in the sermons. He shows how Edwards addressed local and provincial concerns as well as the great theological debates of his day, and how he struggled to work out the implications of his innovative concept of "excellency" and to develop his definition of conversion as a "spiritual light.
From these sermons emerges an unparalleled portrait of a rapidly maturing Edwards seeking to give shape to his theological vision. This is the first complete edition of the private biblical notebook that Jonathan Edwards compiled over a period of nearly thirty-five years. In this critical edition the entries appear in the order in which Edwards wrote them, beginning with a short commentary on Genesis —14 that he penned in , and ending with his last entry, Number on the Book of Solomon's Song, written two years before his death.
This volume gathers together for the first time all known extant letters of Jonathan Edwards, along with his major personal writings. For more than three decades George S. Claghorn has scoured America, Great Britain, and Scotland for letters and documents by and about Edwards. These letters and personal writings reveal the private man behind the treatises and sermons. They trace his relations with parents, siblings, college classmates, friends, and family, as well as with political, religious, and educational leaders of his day.
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